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North Korea: We Don't Want U.S. Summit Focused Only on Denuclearization -- Update

16 May 2018 4:02 am
By Jonathan Cheng in Seoul and Michael R. Gordon and Nancy A. Youssef in Washington 

A senior North Korean official said Pyongyang isn't interested in a summit with the U.S. focused solely on denuclearization and accused Washington of trying to "impose on our dignified state the destiny of Libya or Iraq."

In a Wednesday statement attributed to Kim Kye Gwan, a senior foreign ministry official, North Korea said it doesn't want to deal away its nuclear weapons for economic compensation or benefits. That cast doubt on the North's willingness to proceed with a planned June 12 summit with President Donald Trump in Singapore.

"If the U.S. is trying to drive us into a corner to force our unilateral nuclear abandonment, we will no longer be interested in such dialogue and cannot but reconsider our proceeding to the DPRK-U.S. summit," Mr. Kim was quoted as saying, using the acronym for North Korea's formal name, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.

Kim Kye Gwan, a longtime North Korean diplomat who has met frequently with U.S. negotiators and high-level officials over the years, singled out national security adviser John Bolton and his demands, which include a Libya-style denuclearization process and the disposal of biological and chemical weapons.

Libyan dictator Moammar Gadhafi was killed in 2011 after agreeing to give up his country's nuclear program. In contrast, the North said, "our country is neither Libya nor Iraq which have met [a] miserable fate."

"It is absolutely absurd to dare compare the DPRK, a nuclear weapon state, to Libya which had been at the initial stage of nuclear development," Mr. Kim, who is the first vice minister at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, was quoted as saying.

Pre-summit momentum appeared to be building after Secretary of State Mike Pompeo traveled to Pyongyang last week to meet with leader Kim Jong Un. He returned with three U.S. citizens who had been detained in North Korea for more than a year.

After the U.S. citizens returned home, Mr. Trump said he believed Mr. Kim "wants to do something and bring that country into the real world."

On Sunday, Mr. Pompeo said the U.S. would offer private capital to the North to "create conditions for real economic prosperity for the North Korean people."

The statement came after the North Korea suspended high-level talks with South Korea, citing its objections to military exercises being conducted by the U.S. and the South.

In a report published earlier Wednesday in Pyongyang, the KCNA pointed to the drills involving the South Korean and U.S. air forces as a major concern, calling the maneuvers a rehearsal for invasion.

The air exercise is "a deliberate military provocation to the trend of the favorably developing situation on the Korean Peninsula," North Korea said. "The U.S. will have to think twice about the fate of the DPRK-U.S. summit now on high agenda before a provocative military racket against the DPRK in league with the south Korean authorities."

Heather Nauert, the State Department spokeswoman, said earlier Tuesday that North Korea hasn't complained to the U.S. about the current exercise or told American officials, formally or informally, that it might cancel next month's planned summit.

"We are operating under the idea and notion that the president's meeting is going forward with Chairman [Kim Jong Un] next month," she said. She noted that Mr. Kim had previously told South Korea it understood the need for the exercises and that they had been planned well in advance.

White House press secretary Sarah Sanders said: "The United States will look at what North Korea has said independently, and continue to coordinate closely with our allies."

A spokesman for South Korea's Ministry of Unification said the North's decision to unilaterally postpone Wednesday's inter-Korean talks was "inconsistent with the fundamental spirit and purpose" of an agreement signed last month between the leaders of the two Koreas during a summit meeting at the demilitarized zone.

The South Korean government, the statement said, "urges the North to immediately respond to the inter-Korean talks for peace and prosperity on the Korean Peninsula."

The exercise, named Max Thunder, began Monday and will run until May 25, and there were no imminent plans to cancel it, U.S. and South Korean defense officials said.

A spokesman for Seoul's Defense Ministry said Wednesday that Max Thunder would proceed as planned, adding that there was no differences of opinion between the U.S. and South Korean sides on the issue.

Comprised of roughly 1,000 U.S. military personnel and 500 South Korean forces, the exercise is designed to test the interoperability of air assets between the two countries. It involves some of the most modern U.S. aircraft like the F-22 and in past years has included about 100 planes from the U.S. and South Korea.

"These defensive exercises are part of the ROK-U.S. alliance's routine, annual training program to maintain a foundation of military readiness," a Pentagon spokesman, Army Col. Rob Manning, said, using an abbreviation for South Korea's formal name, the Republic of Korea. "While we will not discuss specifics, the defensive nature of these combined exercises has been clear for many decades and has not changed."

"Max Thunder is a training exercise for improving the skills of our pilots, not an operational plan or training for an offensive strike," the South Korean Defense Ministry said, adding that the U.S. had sent F-22 fighters to South Korea last year for training.

Max Thunder is among the smaller annual exercises between the two countries. It falls under the umbrella of a larger exercise called Foal Eagle, which involves as many as 300,000 South Korean troops and 30,000 U.S. troops. Major elements concluded earlier this month.

North Korea's complaint comes weeks after a summit meeting between Mr. Kim and South Korean President Moon Jae-in at the inter-Korean demilitarized zone last month, a high point in a monthslong thaw in tensions that began at the beginning of the year, and which included the release last week of three U.S. citizens held by Pyongyang for more than a year.

"Even before the ink of the historic April 27 Declaration got dry, the south Korean authorities and the U.S. started such a drill against the DPRK, reacting to all the peace-loving efforts and good intentions which the DPRK has shown with rude and wicked provocation," it said.

The North on Wednesday didn't cancel the planned June 12 summit between Messrs. Trump and Kim, which is set to take place in Singapore, but said that it would "closely watch the ensuing behavior of the U.S. and the south Korean authorities."

The high-level talks between North Korea and South Korea that were suspended had been proposed by Pyongyang to take place just hours later on Wednesday on the southern side of the truce village of Panmunjom to discuss follow-up measures to the two Korean leaders' summit last month.

North Korea has abruptly scuttled plans in the past, most recently in late January, when it pulled the plug on a planned joint musical performance that the two Koreas had agreed to hold at a mountain resort in North Korea in the run-up to the Winter Olympics. The North cited South Korean press reports questioning Pyongyang's motives for agreeing to hold the joint performance, the South's Ministry of Unification said at the time.

After that hiccup, however, North Korea continued to push forward with rapprochement efforts with South Korea, sending Mr. Kim's younger sister to South Korea for the Olympic opening ceremony.

North Korea has also issued ominous warnings to the U.S. about human rights and Mr. Trump's so-called maximum pressure campaign against it. Just a week ago, the North complained that U.S. assertions that Pyongyang's willingness to engage in dialogue was the result of its maximum pressure campaign were "senseless remarks." Instead, it said the detente was "created by the proactive efforts of the DPRK.

"The U.S. is persistently clinging to the hostile policy toward the DPRK, misleading the public opinion," the North said last week through its state media. "Such behavior may result in endangering the security of its own country."

In its report Wednesday, North Korea also lashed out indirectly at criticism of its rapprochement campaign by North Korean defectors, saying that it had allowed "human scum to brazenly hurl mud at the supreme dignity of the supreme leadership" of North Korea.

Thae Yong Ho, North Korea's deputy ambassador in London before he defected to South Korea two years ago, said Monday at the South Korean National Assembly that North Korea would never accept full denuclearization or China-style economic reforms.

Write to Jonathan Cheng at jonathan.cheng@wsj.com, Michael R. Gordon at michael.gordon@wsj.com and Nancy A. Youssef at Nancy.Youssef@wsj.com

(END) Dow Jones Newswires

May 16, 2018 00:02 ET (04:02 GMT)

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