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Coriander


 

Coriander or dhaniya is an indispensible spice in Indian as well as in all other cuisines. There is no distinct evidence on its place of origin but it is believed to be a native of southern Europe. Although it is now widely cultivated all over the world for its green leaves, seed production is largely concentrated in India. It is scientifically known as  Coriandrum sativum.

 

Economically Important Products:

Coriander whole plant is used for consumption as a spice in various preparations.

Tender plant & leaves are used in various cuisines and also for dressing/topping.

Seeds, crushed or powdered, are used in a variety of cuisines particularly in India.

Roots are also used for flavour in Thai preparations.

 

Climate and cultivation

It is mainly cultivated as a rabi crop in India as Coriander requires cool climate during growth and warm dry climate during seed maturity. It can be cultivated in all types of soils but comes up well on well drained loamy soils. It is cultivated across the country though production is concentrated in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Assam, Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh.

 

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World Scenario

There are no authentic estimates available on world production of coriander. However, it is known to have been cultivated for seed purpose in india, Moracco, Canada, Romania, Russia, Ukrain, Turkey, Egypt, China, US, Argentina and Mexico.

 

Domestic Scenario

India is the largest producer and consumer of coriander seed. Coriander production has increased significantly in the past decade and currently hovering around 5 lakh tonnes. The rise in output was primarily on account of rise in yields. However, coriander production has moderated in 2012-13 due to adverse weather conditions. 


 

 

State-Wise Production Trends

Coriander production is concentrated in north-central India and Assam. Largest producer of coriander seed in the country is Rajasthan accounting for about 58% followed by MP with about 15%, Assam and Gujarat with 8% each of total coriander seed production in the country.

 



 

 

Major Markets

Spot markets:

Rajasthan : Ramganj, Kota, Baran

MP: Neemuch, Kumbhraj

Gujarat: Rajkot

TN: Thiruchirappilly, Virudhunagar

AP: Guntur, Varavakonda, Nandyal

 

Futures markets

Coriander futures in India are traded on NCDEX

 

External Trade

 

India being the largest producer of coriander seed, is the largest exporter of the same. India exports around 40000 tonnes of coriander either in the form of whole seed or in powdered form.

 

Major Export Destinations

Malaysia, Pakistan, UAE, Saudi Arabia, US, Yemen and other Asian countries.

 

Major Import Sources

Italy, Bulgaria, US, Russia, Ukrain.

 

 

Factors Influencing Prices

  • Crop condition and output expectations: Extent of area sown under the crop, condition of the crop and output expectation.
  • Rainfall and weather conditions that could affect the crop output.
  • Domestic demand expectation: Any changes in demand both domestic as well as international markets.
  • Stocks available in the market.

·         External demand and supply: Demand supply situation in major import sources.

·         Trade policies: Any change in government policy relating to change in tariffs etc.,

 

 

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